Mozog: Rozdiel medzi revíziami

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[[Súbor:Brain Mri nevit.svg|250px|right|thumb|Ľudský mozog - priečny rez pomocou [[MRI|magnetickej rezonancie]] (sekvencia "true" IR)]]
 
'''MozogRozog''' ([[latinčina|lat.]] ''encephalon'' ← z [[gréčtina|gr.]] ''enkefalon'', ''en-'' v, ''kefalos'' hlava) je orgán, ktorý slúži ako centrum nervového systému všetkých stavovcov a väčšiny bezstavovcov - iba niektoré bezstavovce ako napríklad špongie, medúzy a hviezdice nemajú mozog, aj keď roztrúsené nervové tkanivo je u nich prítomné. Nachádza sa hlave, zvyčajne blízko primarných zmyslových orgánov. Mozog je najkomplexnejším orgánom tela stavovcov. U priemerného človeka sa mozgová kôra (najväčšia časť) skladá z 15-33 miliárd [[neurón]]ov,<ref><span style="font-size: 12px; line-height: 17.280000686645508px; background-color: rgb(221, 238, 255);">Pelvig, DP; Pakkenberg, H; Stark, AK; Pakkenberg, B (2008). "Neocortical glial cell numbers in human brains". </span>''Neurobiology of Aging''<span style="font-size: 12px; line-height: 17.280000686645508px; background-color: rgb(221, 238, 255);"> </span>'''29'''<span style="font-size: 12px; line-height: 17.280000686645508px; background-color: rgb(221, 238, 255);"> (11): 1754–1762. </span><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_object_identifier" title="Digital object identifier" style="background-color: rgb(221, 238, 255); font-size: 12px; line-height: 17.280000686645508px;">doi</a><span style="font-size: 12px; line-height: 17.280000686645508px; background-color: rgb(221, 238, 255);">:</span><a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.neurobiolaging.2007.04.013" rel="nofollow" class="external text" style="color: rgb(102, 51, 102); background-image: linear-gradient(transparent, transparent), 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background-color: rgb(221, 238, 255); padding-right: 13px; font-size: 12px; line-height: 17.280000686645508px; background-position: 100% 50%, 100% 50%; background-repeat: no-repeat no-repeat;">10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2007.04.013</a><span style="font-size: 12px; line-height: 17.280000686645508px; background-color: rgb(221, 238, 255);">.</span><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PubMed_Identifier" title="PubMed Identifier" class="mw-redirect" style="background-color: rgb(221, 238, 255); font-size: 12px; line-height: 17.280000686645508px;">PMID</a><span style="font-size: 12px; line-height: 17.280000686645508px; background-color: rgb(221, 238, 255);"> </span><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17544173" rel="nofollow" class="external text" style="color: rgb(102, 51, 102); background-image: linear-gradient(transparent, transparent), url(data:image/svg+xml;base64,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background-color: rgb(221, 238, 255); padding-right: 13px; font-size: 12px; line-height: 17.280000686645508px; background-position: 100% 50%, 100% 50%; background-repeat: no-repeat no-repeat;">17544173</a><span style="font-size: 12px; line-height: 17.280000686645508px; background-color: rgb(221, 238, 255);">.</span></ref> pričom každý z nich komunikuje pomocou [[Synapsia (neurológia)|synapsií]] s ďaľšími niekoľkými tisícmi [[neurón]]ov. Hmotnosť mozgu dospelého človeka je približne 1&nbsp;400&nbsp;g.
 
== Mozog človeka ==
Anonymný používateľ