Redaktor:Peterzet/pieskovisko: Rozdiel medzi revíziami

Auf den folgenden Solvay-Konferenzen sollten stets nur eine beschränkte Zahl – nämlich maximal 25 – eingeladener höchstrangiger Physiker und Chemiker zu einer Art „Gipfelkonferenz“ zusammenkommen, um wichtige Themen zu diskutieren. Nach dem [[Erster Weltkrieg|Ersten Weltkrieg]] wurden die Konferenzen in dreijährigen Abständen in den Jahren 1921 bis 1933, und nach dem [[Zweiter Weltkrieg|Zweiten Weltkrieg]] ab 1948 in Brüssel fortgesetzt.
 
== Solvayové fyzikálne konferencie ==
== Solvay-Konferenzen der Physik ==
 
{|align="center"| class="wikitable"
 
! width="3%" style="background-color: #C0E0FF;" | No
! width="5%" style="background-color: #C0E0FF;" | Year
! width="33%" style="background-color: #C0E0FF;" | Title
! width="32%" style="background-color: #C0E0FF;" | Translation
! width="27%" style="background-color: #C0E0FF;" | Chair
 
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|1
|align="center"|1922
|Cinq Questions d'Actualité
|Five topical questions
|align="center" rowspan="5"|[[William Jackson Pope]] (Cambridge)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|2
|align="center"|1925
|Structure et Activité Chimique
|Structure and Chemical Activity
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|3
|align="center"|1928
|Questions d'Actualité
|Topical Questions
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|4
|align="center"|1931
|Constitution et Configuration des Molécules Organiques
|Constitution and Configuration of Organic Molecules
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|5
|align="center"|1934
|L'Oxygène, ses réactions chimiques et biologiques
|Oxygen, and its chemical and biological reactions.
|- style="background-color: #FFFFFF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|6
|align="center"|1937
|Les vitamines et les Hormones
|Vitamins and Hormones
|align="center"|[[Frédéric Swarts]] (Ghent)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|7
|align="center"|1947
|Les Isotopes
|Isotopes
|align="center" rowspan="4"|[[Paul Karrer]] (Zurich)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|8
|align="center"|1950
|Le Mécanisme de l'Oxydation
|The mechanism of oxidation
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|9
|align="center"|1953
|Les Protéines
|Proteins
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|10
|align="center"|1956
|Quelques Problèmes de Chimie Minérale
|Some Problems of Inorganic Chemistry
|- style="background-color: #FFFFFF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|11
|align="center"|1959
|Les Nucléoprotéines
|Nucleoproteins
|align="center" rowspan="7"|[[Alfred Rene Jean Paul Ubbelohde|Alfred Rene Ubbelohde]] (London)
|- style="background-color: #FFFFFF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|12
|align="center"|1962
|Transfert d'Energie dans les Gaz
|Energy transfer in gases
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|1
|align="center"|1922
|Cinq Questions d'Actualité
|Five topical questions
|align="center" rowspan="5"|[[William Jackson Pope]] (Cambridge)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|1
|align="center"|1922
|Cinq Questions d'Actualité
|Five topical questions
|align="center" rowspan="5"|[[William Jackson Pope]] (Cambridge)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|1
|align="center"|1922
|Cinq Questions d'Actualité
|Five topical questions
|align="center" rowspan="5"|[[William Jackson Pope]] (Cambridge)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|1
|align="center"|1922
|Cinq Questions d'Actualité
|Five topical questions
|align="center" rowspan="5"|[[William Jackson Pope]] (Cambridge)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|1
|align="center"|1922
|Cinq Questions d'Actualité
|Five topical questions
|align="center" rowspan="5"|[[William Jackson Pope]] (Cambridge)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|1
|align="center"|1922
|Cinq Questions d'Actualité
|Five topical questions
|align="center" rowspan="5"|[[William Jackson Pope]] (Cambridge)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|1
|align="center"|1922
|Cinq Questions d'Actualité
|Five topical questions
|align="center" rowspan="5"|[[William Jackson Pope]] (Cambridge)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|1
|align="center"|1922
|Cinq Questions d'Actualité
|Five topical questions
|align="center" rowspan="5"|[[William Jackson Pope]] (Cambridge)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|1
|align="center"|1922
|Cinq Questions d'Actualité
|Five topical questions
|align="center" rowspan="5"|[[William Jackson Pope]] (Cambridge)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|1
|align="center"|1922
|Cinq Questions d'Actualité
|Five topical questions
|align="center" rowspan="5"|[[William Jackson Pope]] (Cambridge)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|1
|align="center"|1922
|Cinq Questions d'Actualité
|Five topical questions
|align="center" rowspan="5"|[[William Jackson Pope]] (Cambridge)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|1
|align="center"|1922
|Cinq Questions d'Actualité
|Five topical questions
|align="center" rowspan="5"|[[William Jackson Pope]] (Cambridge)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|1
|align="center"|1922
|Cinq Questions d'Actualité
|Five topical questions
|align="center" rowspan="5"|[[William Jackson Pope]] (Cambridge)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|1
|align="center"|1922
|Cinq Questions d'Actualité
|Five topical questions
|align="center" rowspan="5"|[[William Jackson Pope]] (Cambridge)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|13
|align="center"|1965
|colspan="2"|Reactivity of the Photoexcited Organic Molecule
|- style="background-color: #FFFFFF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|14
|align="center"|1969
|colspan="2"|[[phase transition|Phase Transition]]s
|- style="background-color: #FFFFFF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|15
|align="center"|1970
|colspan="2"|Electrostatic Interactions and Structure of Water
|- style="background-color: #FFFFFF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|16
|align="center"|1976
|colspan="2"|Molecular Movements and Chemical Reactivity as conditioned by Membranes, Enzymes and other Molecules
|- style="background-color: #FFFFFF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|17
|align="center"|1980
|colspan="2"|Aspects of Chemical Evolution
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|18
|align="center"|1983
|colspan="2"|Design and Synthesis of Organic Molecules Based on Molecular Recognition
|align="center"|[[Ephraim Katchalski]] (Rehovot) & [[Vladimir Prelog]] (Zurich)
|- style="background-color: #FFFFFF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|19
|align="center"|1987
|colspan="2"|Surface Science
|align="center"|[[F. W. de Wette]] (Austin)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|20
|align="center"|1995
|colspan="2"|Chemical Reactions and their Control on the Femtosecond Time Scale
|align="center"|[[Pierre Gaspard]] (Brussels)
|- style="background-color: #FFFFFF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|21
|align="center"|2007
|colspan="2"|From Noncovalent Assemblies to Molecular Machines
|align="center"|[[Jean-Pierre Sauvage]] (Strasbourg)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|22
|align="center"|2010
|colspan="2"|Quantum Effects in Chemistry and Biology
|align="center"|[[Graham Fleming]] (Berkeley)
|}
 
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="1" style="border-collapse: collapse; background: #f9f9f9; border: 1px #AAA solid; text-align: left; background: #f9f9f9;" align="center"
|-
|-
|}
==Solvay Conferences on Chemistry==
{|align="center"| class="wikitable"
 
! width="3%" style="background-color: #C0E0FF;" | No
! width="5%" style="background-color: #C0E0FF;" | Year
! width="33%" style="background-color: #C0E0FF;" | Title
! width="32%" style="background-color: #C0E0FF;" | Translation
! width="27%" style="background-color: #C0E0FF;" | Chair
 
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|1
|align="center"|1922
|Cinq Questions d'Actualité
|Five topical questions
|align="center" rowspan="5"|[[William Jackson Pope]] (Cambridge)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|2
|align="center"|1925
|Structure et Activité Chimique
|Structure and Chemical Activity
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|3
|align="center"|1928
|Questions d'Actualité
|Topical Questions
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|4
|align="center"|1931
|Constitution et Configuration des Molécules Organiques
|Constitution and Configuration of Organic Molecules
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|5
|align="center"|1934
|L'Oxygène, ses réactions chimiques et biologiques
|Oxygen, and its chemical and biological reactions.
|- style="background-color: #FFFFFF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|6
|align="center"|1937
|Les vitamines et les Hormones
|Vitamins and Hormones
|align="center"|[[Frédéric Swarts]] (Ghent)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|7
|align="center"|1947
|Les Isotopes
|Isotopes
|align="center" rowspan="4"|[[Paul Karrer]] (Zurich)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|8
|align="center"|1950
|Le Mécanisme de l'Oxydation
|The mechanism of oxidation
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|9
|align="center"|1953
|Les Protéines
|Proteins
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|10
|align="center"|1956
|Quelques Problèmes de Chimie Minérale
|Some Problems of Inorganic Chemistry
|- style="background-color: #FFFFFF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|11
|align="center"|1959
|Les Nucléoprotéines
|Nucleoproteins
|align="center" rowspan="7"|[[Alfred Rene Jean Paul Ubbelohde|Alfred Rene Ubbelohde]] (London)
|- style="background-color: #FFFFFF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|12
|align="center"|1962
|Transfert d'Energie dans les Gaz
|Energy transfer in gases
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|1
|align="center"|1922
|Cinq Questions d'Actualité
|Five topical questions
|align="center" rowspan="5"|[[William Jackson Pope]] (Cambridge)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|1
|align="center"|1922
|Cinq Questions d'Actualité
|Five topical questions
|align="center" rowspan="5"|[[William Jackson Pope]] (Cambridge)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|1
|align="center"|1922
|Cinq Questions d'Actualité
|Five topical questions
|align="center" rowspan="5"|[[William Jackson Pope]] (Cambridge)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|1
|align="center"|1922
|Cinq Questions d'Actualité
|Five topical questions
|align="center" rowspan="5"|[[William Jackson Pope]] (Cambridge)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|1
|align="center"|1922
|Cinq Questions d'Actualité
|Five topical questions
|align="center" rowspan="5"|[[William Jackson Pope]] (Cambridge)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|1
|align="center"|1922
|Cinq Questions d'Actualité
|Five topical questions
|align="center" rowspan="5"|[[William Jackson Pope]] (Cambridge)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|1
|align="center"|1922
|Cinq Questions d'Actualité
|Five topical questions
|align="center" rowspan="5"|[[William Jackson Pope]] (Cambridge)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|1
|align="center"|1922
|Cinq Questions d'Actualité
|Five topical questions
|align="center" rowspan="5"|[[William Jackson Pope]] (Cambridge)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|1
|align="center"|1922
|Cinq Questions d'Actualité
|Five topical questions
|align="center" rowspan="5"|[[William Jackson Pope]] (Cambridge)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|1
|align="center"|1922
|Cinq Questions d'Actualité
|Five topical questions
|align="center" rowspan="5"|[[William Jackson Pope]] (Cambridge)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|1
|align="center"|1922
|Cinq Questions d'Actualité
|Five topical questions
|align="center" rowspan="5"|[[William Jackson Pope]] (Cambridge)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|1
|align="center"|1922
|Cinq Questions d'Actualité
|Five topical questions
|align="center" rowspan="5"|[[William Jackson Pope]] (Cambridge)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|1
|align="center"|1922
|Cinq Questions d'Actualité
|Five topical questions
|align="center" rowspan="5"|[[William Jackson Pope]] (Cambridge)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|1
|align="center"|1922
|Cinq Questions d'Actualité
|Five topical questions
|align="center" rowspan="5"|[[William Jackson Pope]] (Cambridge)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|13
|align="center"|1965
|colspan="2"|Reactivity of the Photoexcited Organic Molecule
|- style="background-color: #FFFFFF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|14
|align="center"|1969
|colspan="2"|[[phase transition|Phase Transition]]s
|- style="background-color: #FFFFFF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|15
|align="center"|1970
|colspan="2"|Electrostatic Interactions and Structure of Water
|- style="background-color: #FFFFFF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|16
|align="center"|1976
|colspan="2"|Molecular Movements and Chemical Reactivity as conditioned by Membranes, Enzymes and other Molecules
|- style="background-color: #FFFFFF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|17
|align="center"|1980
|colspan="2"|Aspects of Chemical Evolution
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|18
|align="center"|1983
|colspan="2"|Design and Synthesis of Organic Molecules Based on Molecular Recognition
|align="center"|[[Ephraim Katchalski]] (Rehovot) & [[Vladimir Prelog]] (Zurich)
|- style="background-color: #FFFFFF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|19
|align="center"|1987
|colspan="2"|Surface Science
|align="center"|[[F. W. de Wette]] (Austin)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|20
|align="center"|1995
|colspan="2"|Chemical Reactions and their Control on the Femtosecond Time Scale
|align="center"|[[Pierre Gaspard]] (Brussels)
|- style="background-color: #FFFFFF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|21
|align="center"|2007
|colspan="2"|From Noncovalent Assemblies to Molecular Machines
|align="center"|[[Jean-Pierre Sauvage]] (Strasbourg)
|- style="background-color: #F0F8FF;"
|align="right" style="padding-right:4px;"|22
|align="center"|2010
|colspan="2"|Quantum Effects in Chemistry and Biology
|align="center"|[[Graham Fleming]] (Berkeley)
|}
 
===Conferences on Chemistry gallery===
 
<gallery>
Image:Solvay conference, 1922.jpg|First Conference, 1922
</gallery>
 
{{Lückenhaft| Es wird nicht zwischen den Konferenzen '''Physik''' und '''Chemie''' unterschieden !}}
 
== Prvá Solvayová konferencia ==
439

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